The best programming languages for web development
Nowadays, no company can do without web development. Digitalization is now also taking place in SMEs, which is why the demand for good web developers is growing. So a web developer will always find a project to work on. But which programming languages should he know best in order to be able to work on as many projects as possible? In this article we want to introduce you to the different web development programming languages and show you what advantages and disadvantages as well as areas of application there are for the individual languages. At the end we will of course draw a conclusion, which programming languages a good web developer should know, in order to be able to develop almost any web application. If you have any questions about web development, we at EXWE will be happy to assist you as a strong partner. Feel free to contact us!
Reading time 6 min
- We briefly explain to you what web development actually is
- So that you know which programming languages you should learn, we will introduce you to different ones and tell you their advantages and for which use cases you can best use them.
- Then we'll show you which web development programming languages are used for the most popular websites
- and which programming languages we at EXWE Agency for Web Development use.
Before we introduce you to the best web development programming languages, we want to briefly pick you up and explain what is meant by web development. Because by this we mean the programming of web applications and websites, but also the web design itself. You can hardly distinguish web applications from normal web pages. However, there is often a featured login area that you can only access with the right data. Web applications are often referred to as web applications or web apps for short. In principle, web development is all applications that you can access through a browser. These are, for example, normal websites that you can use to obtain information, or online stores, content management systems, software as a service and scripts.
Web applications are created by developers with the help of programming languages, and depending on the type of web app and its purpose, some programming languages are more suitable than others. To help you figure out which of the many languages are appropriate for your project, we've listed the most popular web development languages and show you which application area they are intended for.
Which language you should learn if you are engaged in web development always depends on the application area. Not every language is the best choice for every application. To give you an overview, we have selected different web development programming languages for you as a programmer, explained them and show you what their advantages are and what they are best suited for. You'll learn all this in the next section.
Which programming language is the best for web development?
When you start with web development, you will probably first learn a so-called markup language. This is a language that is mainly necessary for structuring and formatting a text. You will probably have heard the terms HTML and XML before. HTML and XML are both markup languages. You should learn HTML in particular before you move on to a programming language for web development. You can use markup languages to specify what properties text sections have and how they are displayed, for example.
For a brief overview, we have listed the different web development programming languages:
The programming language PHP
You have certainly heard of PHP before. In fact, it is the most popular programming language used for developing dynamic web applications. Dynamic web applications are web pages that are constantly changing, such as pages that display the weather of various locations. Here, among other things, the current temperature changes, which leads to changes in the database. These changes should also be visible on the web page.
The abbreviation PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It is a scripting language and requires a web server such as Apache to run successfully. Apache can interpret the HP code and create a web page from it when the browser makes a request to the web server.
|PHP Advantages||PHP Disadvantages|
Mainlyused to create dynamic web pages and web applications - suitable for customers who want a web page that can constantly retrieve data from the server.
Java is an object-oriented programming language of the company Sun Microsystems, with which programs can be created. Very popular is the use of Java to develop apps for the Android operating system, which was constructed by Google. In general, complex projects are relatively easy to implement with Java. This is due to the high number of web frameworks and libraries. Moreover, Java projects can be easily extended and maintained with additional features.
|Java Advantages||Java Disadvantages|
Application area: web applications, apps and desktop applications
|Node.js Advantages||Node.js disadvantages|
Application area: network applications, modern websites
More info about Node.js on YouTube:
Ruby is a simple programming language that can be used for complex projects. It was invented in the 90s by Yukihiro Matsumoto. Although Ruby's syntax is unusual, the web development language is quick to learn. In combination with the Ruby on Rails framework, even web apps can be created in no time.
|Ruby Advantages||Ruby Disadvantages|
Application area: Mainly web apps and elaborate projects in a very short time
Originally, Facebook developed React for its own use and the programming language is still used there today. It is open-source with MIT license and hence can be used by all programmers as well.
|React advantages||React disadvantages|
Application area: Web applications that require a special user interface (UI)
R is a flexible language that is open-sourced. It is particularly suitable for Big Data, static data analysis and graphics creation. It was developed in the USA in the 70s by John Chambers and some of his colleagues. With R, you can easily create web applications that will work and can be customized in the future.
|R Advantages||R Disadvantages|
Application area: Suitable for Big Data and data analysis, especially for web apps
The Python programming language could be called a jack of all trades. It can be used in web development as well as in software development. The syntax is very reminiscent of the English language, which is why Python is also easy to learn. The programming language is ideally suited for web applications and websites. Especially data sets can be processed without any problems.
In addition, Python can be used as an object-oriented, functional or aspect-oriented language. Due to its dynamic nature, Python is often used as a scripting language.
|Python Advantages||Python Disadvantages|
Application area: Especially suitable for lists and data structures in web applications
|Perl Advantages||Perl Disadvantages|
Application area: Popular for web applications, especially in finance and bioinformatics
C++ is a further development of the well-known programming language C. Meanwhile, C++ is very popular in web development, but can also be used for software development. This makes it very versatile and attractive. Programmers who master C++ can implement many different projects. Thus, web apps can be programmed, but also classic software applications. The only difficult thing is the strict syntax, which exposes the option to maintain a lot of code at once, but is also very finicky with errors. So, perfect mastery of the C++ language is not that easy.
|C++ Advantages||C++ Disadvantages|
Application area: Suitable for web and software development
C# (C Sharp)
C# is an even newer programming language that was completed in 2001. By the way, it is pronounced "C Sharp" and is an object-oriented language that runs on all platforms. However, it was developed to be used in the .Net strategy, which is why it is particularly well tailored to it and is mostly used there. C# is related to Java and C++ programming languages and is used to create web applications and web APIs.
|C# (C Sharp) Advantages||C# (C Sharp)Disadvantages|
Application area: general purpose language used for web applications and web APIs
There are differences between client-side and server-side programming language. Client refers to a computer or the hardware that calls various web pages. The server, on the other hand, is the place where the web page is stored. In server-side, the code is executed on the server and the result is sent to the client. While in client-side programming languages, the code is first executed on the client (e.g. browser).
You want a job in a web development agency and wonder what you need to know? We would like to give you an insight into our daily business and our already completed projects in web development.
In fact, as a web developer, it's relatively uncommon to master only one programming language. With time and a lot of practice you will realize which language is best suited for which application. For starters, we can recommend PHP. Just start with it and see where the road takes you.
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Optimize your business and use the advantages of an individual web app for your company. Use the expert knowledge of EXWE web developers!